Occupational Health and Safety (OHS)
OHS is among the basic and legally required obligations of each employer. It can be defined as a set of measures, policies, principles, opinions, behavior and activities that help eliminating the negative effects of work. The term “Occupational Health and Safety” is also known under the abbreviation OHS, however, its content and implementation are substantially broader than suggested by these words. In the past, it was interpreted only as prevention of accidents, focused mainly on safety of technical equipment and work procedures. Later on, emphasis began to be placed on healthy working conditions, the human factor and occupational safety.
The basic obligations of the employer are regulated by the Act No. 124/2006 Coll. on Occupational Health and Safety. This Act establishes the general principles of prevention and basic conditions for ensuring occupational safety and health and to eliminate risks and factors causing occupational accidents, occupational diseases and other health damages from work.
Health and Safety at Work Training
– Introductory employee training
– Repeated employee training
– Introductory management employee training
– Repeated management employee training
– Training of employee representatives for safety
– Training of drivers of reference vehicles
– Work at height and above open depth
Basic Health and Safety at Work Documentation
– Management, organization and inspection of safety and health at work, including safety and health at work policy
– Procedure in the event of an accident or a dangerous event
– Management and professional preparation of safety and health at work
– Alcohol and smoking in the company
– Procedure for assessing hazards, threats and risk and evaluation
– Provision of personal protective work equipment
– Traumatological plan
– Manual handling of loads
– Work with display units
– Work prohibited for pregnant women, mothers until the end of the ninth month after birth and breastfeeding women
– Work prohibited for juvenile employees
– Operating regulations
– Prohibited works and activities
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The employer is obliged to train the employee upon his/her hiring, transfer to another workplace, assignment or transfer to another job, introduction of a new technology, new work procedure or a new work tool.
The employer is obliged to adjust the regularity by internal regulations, so that it is performed at least once every two years, unless the legal regulations for insuring safety and health at work do not stipulate a shorter time period.
Yes, pursuant to §21 of the Act No. 124/2006 Coll., the employer is obliged to ensure a safety-technical service for the employees either through own expert employees or to contractually agree on its performance in a supplier manner with another natural person, who is an entrepreneur, or a legal person, who is authorize to perform the safety-technical service.
Yes, each natural person, who is an entrepreneur, as well as a legal person, who employs at least one employee has to have, in addition to others, a safety-technical service.
Yes, each person, who has even a single employee in employment. An employment relationship is an employment relationship that is a typical employment relationship, but also contract to work performed outside of an employment relationship. This includes contract to work, contract on work activity and agreement on part-time work of students.
First and foremost, you endanger your employees, your business, you violate legislative requirements and if there is an inspection by the Labor Inspectorate, you may be fined. The amount of the fine is determined based on the seriousness of the violation and may be up to 100,000 Euros.
A work injury is damage to health or death of a natural person cause independently of the person’s will by a short-term, sudden and violent effect of external influence, which the employee of the employer suffered while performing work tasks or in direct connection to performing work tasks, for performing work tasks and when averting damage to the employer.
Yes, the employee is obliged to immediately inform the employer about a work injury he or she suffered, if the health condition allows it.
In addition to a work injury, the employee is obliged to immediately inform the employer about:
- other injury than a work injury or death, which was not the result of a work injury, if it happened in the work place or in the employer’s premises,
- dangerous event,
- severe industrial accident.
After being notified, the employer is obliged to immediately take the necessary measures to avoid further threats to life and health.
If the determined facts suggest that a crime has happened in connection to the work injury, or if it is a serious work injury, the status of the workplace cannot be changed until the arrival of the investigating authorities, with the exception of taking the necessary measures to protect life and health or to prevent major economic damage. If the status of the workplace changes due to the measures taken to prevent further possible threat to life and health or major economic damage, the employer is obliged to make documentation on the status of the workplace, necessary to investigate the causes of such an event.