Fire Protection (FP)
Fire is one of the biggest threats to entrepreneurs in Slovakia. Together with an explosion, it ranks at the top spots of business risks. It is therefore necessary to pay due attention to fire protection and pick the necessary experts for cooperation.
The basic obligations of entrepreneurs in the area of fire protection are defined by the Act No. 314/2001 Coll. on Fire Protection. It establishes the obligations for the purposes of preventing fire, as well as for the purposes of ensuring conditions for effective firefighting.
The basic principle of fire prevention is the establishment and development of conditions for ensuring effective protection of life and health of people and material values against fire, as well as effective firefighting, including the provision of assistance in these events.
Fire Safety Training
– Introductory employee training in fire safety
– Repeated employee training in fire safety
– Introductory management employee training in fire safety
– Repeated management employee training in fire safety
– Professional training of the workplace fire patrol
– Professional training of assistance fire patrol
What does the fire safety documentation contain?
The fire safety documentation consists of
a) fire identification card,
b) fire workplace order,
c) fire alarm directives,
d) fire evacuation plan,
e) fire register,
f) fire risk analysis
g) documents on the inspection of fire equipment according to a special regulation,
h) information on fires, causes of fires, reports on the results of performed analyses and on measures taken in the field of fire safety,
i) documentation on employee training in fire safety,
j) documentation on the professional training of fire patrols,
k) documentation on the activities of the fire patrol,
l) solution of fire safety of the building in the project documentation of the building,
m) other documents, if stipulated by an individual regulation.
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Unless the statutory body of the legal person, a natural person – entrepreneur or its authorized representative does not stipulate a shorter time period, the fire safety training is conducted:
a) once every 12 months for persons ensuring fire safety during non-working hours,
b) once every 24 months for managing employees and other employees.
We have written a separate article in our blog called: “Legal Obligations in the Field of Fire Safety”, which deals with the basic obligations in fire safety.
If the legal person or natural person - entrepreneur:
a) does not use for his/her activity, with the exception of an apartment in an apartment building or a family house, a mobile store and a stand selling additional services, a shop and sales space to provide services, with a surface area no more than 100 m2, other buildings or premises in his/her ownership or use,
b) employs no more than five employees in the building and
c) does not perform activities with an increased risk of fire and does not have spaces with an increased risk of fire
this person is obliged to ensure only training and test of knowledge on fire safety of employees and persons, who with the knowledge of the legal person or the natural person – entrepreneur stay in his/her facilities and premises.
According to the Fire Protection Act, the owner (administrator) of the real estate, who leases the real estate, is obliged to fulfill the fire safety tasks, based on the provisions of the Act, unless he/she agrees with the tenant in the lease agreement about fulfilling these tasks differently. Thus, it is always necessary to readd the lease agreement. This applies mainly to premises; the training of employees must be always provided by the employer.
Fire inspections are performed by the district directorates and regional directorates of the fire and rescue services. They are authorized to enter buildings and facilities of the legal person or the natural person – entrepreneur, for the purpose of performing fire inspection or to investigate the cause of fire, accompanied by an authorized person, and demand the necessary cooperation by the managing and other employees of the legal person or natural person - entrepreneur.
The amount of the fine for violating the fire safety obligations may be up to 16,596 Euros; in repeated violation, up to 33,192 Euros.
Activities with an increased risk of fire are activities, which create an increased risk of fire during the production, processing, using or storing flammable substances. (e.g., welding in places with the possibility of fire)
Places with an increased risk of fire are places that hold flammable substances in conditions, which create an increased risk of fire (e.g., warehouses of flammable liquids, gases)
Preventive fire inspections are performed in these time periods:
a) every 12 months in residential buildings and in buildings and premises with only occasional work places, to which the employee is not regularly bound and where he/she resides only occasionally in intervals of several days, usually only for inspection, maintenance or repair purposes,
b) every six months in buildings and premises in which only administrative activity is performed,
c) every three months in other buildings or premises of the legal person or natural person – entrepreneur, unless his/her statutory body or representative responsible for fire safety in these buildings or premises stipulates a shorter period.
The content of the preventive fire inspection is the inspection of:
a) organizational safeguard of fire protection in the workplace,
b) comparison of the actual status with the documentation on fire safety,
c) construction solution of objects, especially from an operational perspective,
d) firefighting equipment,
e) permanent openness of escape routes,
f) production and storage of flammable substances and their manipulation,
g) functionality of firefighting equipment,
h) operation and condition of technical and technological equipment,
i) markings and equipment of workplaces and premises with the relevant orders, prohibitions and instructions.
The fire evacuation plan is drafted for a building, in which there are no simple conditions from the perspective of evacuation of people and animals.
A building with simple conditions from the perspective of evacuation of people and animals is a building, with only people familiar with the method of evacuation, and in which the simultaneous evacuation is carried out, using escape routes leading directly to an open space, whereby this building has no more than two above-ground floors and one ground floor, and in which there is no permanent or temporary workplace.