In recent years, the topic of the environment has increasingly come to the fore. Active approach to environmental protection is the business card of every modern enterprise. It is part of the social responsibility and has many benefits, like improving reputation, improving brand value, decreasing costs due to less waste, reduced risk of sanctions from regulatory authorities and many more.
Environmental Protection includes activities that prevent pollution or environmental damage, or this pollution or damage is limited or removed. It includes the protection of individual elements or specific ecosystems and their mutual connections, as well as the protection of the environment as a whole.
The obligations of entrepreneurs could be classified into three main areas, specifically:
- waste management (Act No. 79/2015 Coll. on Waste)
- water management (Act No. 364/2004 Coll. on Waters)
- protection of air (Act No. 137/2010 Coll. on Air Protection)
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Waste is defined under the Act on Waste as a movable object or substance, whose owner is getting rid of it, wants to get rid of it or he is obliged to get rid of it under this Act or another individual regulation.
Waste owner is the waste generator or a person, who is holding waste, for example, a company.
The basic obligations of a waste owner include:
- sort waste correctly according to the Waste Catalog,
- collect waste sorted according to waste type and secure it against degradation, theft or unwanted leakage
- collect hazardous waste separately
- maintain and store records on the type and amount of waste and its disposal
- ensure waste processing in accordance with the hierarchy of waste management
- hand over waste only to a person authorized to handle waste.
The waste registration sheet is essentially a prescribed form, in which the waste owner (company) keeps records of the amounts of waste. The records may be kept in electronic or paper form.
For record keeping purposes, waste is classified based on the Waste Catalogue, so each waste has an assigned catalogue number.
The report on the generation of waste and its handling is submitted by the waste owner, if he or she handles more than 50kg of hazardous waste or more than one ton of regular waste annually.
For specific hazardous waste (Attachment No. 3 of the Act No. 366/2015 Coll.), the report on the generation of waste and its handling is submitted irrespective of its amount.
Hazardous waste is waste, which has at least one hazardous property, e.g., explosiveness, flammability, toxicity, etc., and may be hazardous to the health of persons or the environment.
Hazardous waste must have the so called HWIP, i.e., Hazardous Waste Identification Paper. It is a set of information about the hazardous waste, such as, e.g., its hazardous properties, measures in case of accidents and fires, first aid, etc. HWIP must list covers and containers and where is the hazardous waste stored.